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Proceedings Paper

NPP VIIRS geometric performance status
Author(s): Guoqing Lin; Robert E. Wolfe; Masahiro Nishihama
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Paper Abstract

Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument on-board the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP) satellite is scheduled for launch in October, 2011. It is to provide satellite measured radiance/reflectance data for both weather and climate applications. Along with radiometric calibration, geometric characterization and calibration of Sensor Data Records (SDRs) are crucial to the VIIRS Environmental Data Record (EDR) algorithms and products which are used in numerical weather prediction (NWP). The instrument geometric performance includes: 1) sensor (detector) spatial response, parameterized by the dynamic field of view (DFOV) in the scan direction and instantaneous FOV (IFOV) in the track direction, modulation transfer function (MTF) for the 17 moderate resolution bands (M-bands), and horizontal spatial resolution (HSR) for the five imagery bands (I-bands); 2) matrices of band-to-band co-registration (BBR) from the corresponding detectors in all band pairs; and 3) pointing knowledge and stability characteristics that includes scan plane tilt, scan rate and scan start position variations, and thermally induced variations in pointing with respect to orbital position. They have been calibrated and characterized through ground testing under ambient and thermal vacuum conditions, numerical modeling and analysis. This paper summarizes the results, which are in general compliance with specifications, along with anomaly investigations, and describes paths forward for characterizing on-orbit BBR and spatial response, and for improving instrument on-orbit performance in pointing and geolocation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 2011
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI, 81531V (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.894652
Show Author Affiliations
Guoqing Lin, INNOVIM (United States)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Robert E. Wolfe, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Masahiro Nishihama, Sigma Space Corp. (United States)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8153:
Earth Observing Systems XVI
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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