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Proceedings Paper

Contributions to climate research using the AIRS Science Team version-5 products
Author(s): Joel Susskind; Gyula Molnar; Lena Iredell
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Paper Abstract

This paper compares recent spatial anomaly time series of OLR (Outgoing Longwave Radiation) and OLRCLR (Clear Sky OLR) as determined using CERES and AIRS observations over the time period September 2002 through June 2010. We find excellent agreement in OLR anomaly time series of both data sets in almost every detail, down to the 1° x 1° spatial grid point level. This extremely close agreement of OLR anomaly time series derived from observations by two different instruments implies that both sets of results must be highly stable. This agreement also validates to some extent the anomaly time series of the AIRS derived products used in the computation of the AIRS OLR product. The paper then examines anomaly time series of AIRS derived products over the extended time period September 2002 through April 2011. We show that OLR anomalies during this period are closely in phase with those of an El Niño index, and that recent global and tropical mean decreases in OLR and OLRCLR are a result of a transition from an El Niño condition at the beginning of the data record to La Niña conditions toward the end of the data period. This relationship can be explained by temporal changes of the distribution of mid-tropospheric water vapor and cloud cover in two spatial regions that are in direct response to El Niño/La Niña activity which occurs outside these spatial regions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 2011
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8154, Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XIX, 81540P (16 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.893576
Show Author Affiliations
Joel Susskind, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Gyula Molnar, Morgan State University/GESTAR (United States)
Lena Iredell, Science Systems and Applications Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8154:
Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XIX
Marija Strojnik; Gonzalo Paez, Editor(s)

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