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Proceedings Paper

ROSAS: a robotic station for atmosphere and surface characterization dedicated to on-orbit calibration
Author(s): Aimé Meygret; Richard P. Santer; Béatrice Berthelot
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Paper Abstract

La Crau test site is used by CNES since 1987 for vicarious calibration of SPOT cameras. The former calibration activities were conducted during field campaigns devoted to the characterization of the atmosphere and the site reflectances. Since 1997, au automatic photometric station (ROSAS) was set up on the site on a 10m height pole. This station measures at different wavelengths, the solar extinction and the sky radiances to fully characterize the optical properties of the atmosphere. It also measures the upwelling radiance over the ground to fully characterize the surface reflectance properties. The photometer samples the spectrum from 380nm to 1600nm with 9 narrow bands. Every non cloudy days the photometer automatically and sequentially performs its measurements. Data are transmitted by GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) to CNES and processed. The photometer is calibrated in situ over the sun for irradiance and cross-band calibration, and over the Rayleigh scattering for the short wavelengths radiance calibration. The data are processed by an operational software which calibrates the photometer, estimates the atmosphere properties, computes the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of the site, then simulates the top of atmosphere radiance seen by any sensor over-passing the site and calibrates it. This paper describes the instrument, its measurement protocol and its calibration principle. Calibration results are discussed and compared to laboratory calibration. It details the surface reflectance characterization and presents SPOT4 calibration results deduced from the estimated TOA radiance. The results are compared to the official calibration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8153, Earth Observing Systems XVI, 815311 (13 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.892759
Show Author Affiliations
Aimé Meygret, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Richard P. Santer, Univ. du Littoral Côte d'Opale (France)
Béatrice Berthelot, VEGA Technologies SAS (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8153:
Earth Observing Systems XVI
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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