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Proceedings Paper

Color diversity index: the effect of chromatic adaptation
Author(s): João M. M. Linhares; Sergio M. C. Nascimento
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Paper Abstract

Common descriptors of light quality fail to predict the chromatic diversity produced by the same illuminant in different contexts. The aim of this paper was to study the influence of the chromatic adaptation in the context of the development of the color diversity index, a new index capable of predicting illuminant-induced variations in several types of images. The spectral reflectance obtained from hyperspectral images of natural, indoor and artistic paintings, and the spectral reflectance of 1264 Munsell surfaces were converted into the CIELAB color space for each of the 55 CIE illuminants and 5 light sources tested. The influence of the CAT02 chromatic adaptation was estimated for each illuminant and for each scene. The CIELAB volume was estimated by the convex hull method and the number of discernible colors was estimated by segmenting the CIELAB color volume into unitary cubes and by counting the number of non-empty cubes. High correlation was found between the CIELAB volume occupied by the Munsell surfaces and the number of discernible colors and the CILEAB color volume of the colors in all images analyzed. The effects of the chromatic adaptation were marginal and did not change the overall result. These results indicate that the efficiency of the new illuminant chromatic diversity index is not influenced by chromatic adaptation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 July 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8001, International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 800104 (26 July 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.892197
Show Author Affiliations
João M. M. Linhares, Univ. of Minho (Portugal)
Anglia Ruskin Univ. (United Kingdom)
Sergio M. C. Nascimento, Univ. of Minho (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8001:
International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe Costa, Editor(s)

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