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Proceedings Paper

Glutamate-mediated protection of crayfish glial cells from PDT-induced apoptosis
Author(s): M. V. Rudkovskii; N. P. Romanenko; E. V. Berezhnaya; V. D. Kovaleva; A. B. Uzdensky
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Paper Abstract

Photodynamic treatment that causes intense oxidative stress and kills cells is currently used in neurooncology. However, along with tumor it damages surrounding healthy neurons and glial cells. In order to study the possible role of glutamate-related signaling pathways in photodynamic injury of neurons and glia, we investigated photodynamic effect of alumophthalocyanine Photosens on isolated crayfish stretch receptor that consists of a single neuron surrounded by glial cells. The laser diode (670 nm, 0.4 W/cm2) was used for dye photoexcitation. Application of glutamate increased photodynamically induced necrosis of neurons and glial cells but significantly decreased glial apoptosis. The natural neuroglial mediator N-acetylaspartylglutamate, which releases glutamate after cleavage in the extracellular space by glutamate carboxypeptidase II, also inhibited photoinduced apoptosis. Inhibition of glutamate carboxypeptidase II, oppositely, enhanced apoptosis of glial cells. These data confirm the anti-apoptotic activity of glutamate. Application of NMDA or inhibition of NMDA receptors by MK801 did not influence photodynamic death of neurons and glial cells that indicated nonparticipation of NMDA receptors in these processes. Inhibition of metabotropic glutamate receptors by AP-3 decreased PDT-induced apoptosis. One can suggest that crayfish neurons naturally secrete NAAG, which being cleaved by GCOP produces glutamate. Glutamate prevents photoinduced apoptosis of glial cells possibly through metabotropic but not ionotropic glutamate receptors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7999, Saratov Fall Meeting 2010: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine XII, 79990Q (12 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.889386
Show Author Affiliations
M. V. Rudkovskii, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
N. P. Romanenko, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
E. V. Berezhnaya, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
V. D. Kovaleva, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)
A. B. Uzdensky, Southern Federal Univ. (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7999:
Saratov Fall Meeting 2010: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine XII
Valery V. Tuchin; Elina A. Genina, Editor(s)

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