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Proceedings Paper

Review on advanced composite materials boring mechanism and tools
Author(s): Runping Shi; Chengyong Wang
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Paper Abstract

With the rapid development of aviation and aerospace manufacturing technology, advanced composite materials represented by carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP) and super hybrid composites (fibre/metal plates) are more and more widely applied. The fibres are mainly carbon fibre, boron fibre, Aramid fiber and Sic fibre. The matrixes are resin matrix, metal matrix and ceramic matrix. Advanced composite materials have higher specific strength and higher specific modulus than glass fibre reinforced resin composites of the 1st generation. They are widely used in aviation and aerospace industry due to their high specific strength, high specific modulus, excellent ductility, anticorrosion, heat-insulation, sound-insulation, shock absorption and high&low temperature resistance. They are used for radomes, inlets, airfoils(fuel tank included), flap, aileron, vertical tail, horizontal tail, air brake, skin, baseboards and tails, etc. Its hardness is up to 62~65HRC. The holes are greatly affected by the fibre laminates direction of carbon fibre reinforced composite material due to its anisotropy when drilling in unidirectional laminates. There are burrs, splits at the exit because of stress concentration. Besides there is delamination and the hole is prone to be smaller. Burrs are caused by poor sharpness of cutting edge, delamination, tearing, splitting are caused by the great stress caused by high thrust force. Poorer sharpness of cutting edge leads to lower cutting performance and higher drilling force at the same time. The present research focuses on the interrelation between rotation speed, feed, drill's geometry, drill life, cutting mode, tools material etc. and thrust force. At the same time, holes quantity and holes making difficulty of composites have also increased. It requires high performance drills which won't bring out defects and have long tool life. It has become a trend to develop super hard material tools and tools with special geometry for drilling composite materials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 May 2011
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7997, Fourth International Seminar on Modern Cutting and Measurement Engineering, 79970N (24 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.888319
Show Author Affiliations
Runping Shi, Guangdong Univ. of Technology (China)
Shenzhen Aerospace Precision Tools Co., Ltd. (China)
Chengyong Wang, Guangdong Univ. of Technology (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7997:
Fourth International Seminar on Modern Cutting and Measurement Engineering
Jiezhi Xin; Lianqing Zhu; Zhongyu Wang, Editor(s)

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