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Proceedings Paper

Control of the group velocity of a light pulse propagating through a four-level atomic system
Author(s): P. Grochowska; A. Raczynski; J. Zaremba; S. Zielinska-Kaniasty
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Paper Abstract

We analyse the group velocity of a laser pulse in an optically dressed atomic system. A Λ system with an additional close upper level and an incoherent pump is specially investigated. The group velocity of a pulse is strongly dependent on the optical properties of the system which can be modified by changing the amplitude or detuning of a strong coupling field or of an incoherent pump between the two lower levels of the system. Depending on the parameters, the medium may have alternatively absorptive or gain properties and the dispersion can be changed from anomalous into a normal one. The ranges of parameters are especially investigated in which absorption (gain) is not too strong, with dispersion being not too steep. The group velocity of a pulse propagating through a sample with such optical properties can be switched from the subinto superluminal regime. The dynamics of propagation in the case of negative group velocities of a small absolute value is especially interesting. In such a regime the peak of the transmitted pulse exits the sample before the peak of the incoming pulse reaches the medium. The transmitted pulse splits into two pulses - one of them propagates forward behind the medium and the other propagates backward and is cancelled at the entrance of the sample by the incoming pulse. Ranges of parameters are seeked in which the shape of the pulse is changed and the group velocity as a single parameter is not sufficient to describe the pulse propagation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2011
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8071, Nonlinear Optics and Applications V, 80710L (18 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.886643
Show Author Affiliations
P. Grochowska, Nicolaus Copernicus Univ. (Poland)
A. Raczynski, Nicolaus Copernicus Univ. (Poland)
J. Zaremba, Nicolaus Copernicus Univ. (Poland)
S. Zielinska-Kaniasty, Univ. of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8071:
Nonlinear Optics and Applications V
Mario Bertolotti, Editor(s)

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