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Proceedings Paper

UV inscribed long period gratings with femtosecond ablated axial fibre slots for polarization control
Author(s): Edward Davies; Kyriacos Kalli; Charalambos Koutsides; Tom Allsop; Lin Zhang
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Paper Abstract

We present data on the development a new type of optical fibre polariser and the characterisation of its wavelength properties. The device is fashioned using a two step process. Firstly, a standard UV long period grating (LPG) with a period of 330μm is inscribed into hydrogenated SMF-28, followed by femtosecond laser ablation of a groove parallel to the fibre axis. The UV inscribed LPGs have inherently low birefringence. However, the removal of the cladding layer parallel to the location of the LPG within the fibre core (as a result the ablation) modifies the cladding modes that couple with the LPG. Furthermore, the groove breaks the fibre symmetry introducing a non-uniform stress profile across the fibre cross section leading to significant birefringence. We show that increasing the depth of the groove increases the birefringence, and this behaviour coupled with the ability to control the wavelength location of the LPGs attenuations peaks results in a polariser able to operate at almost any wavelength and birefringence. The maximum birefringence reported here as polarisation mode splitting was approximately 39±0.1nm with a polarisation loss of 10dB.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2011
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 7753, 21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 77539G (18 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.885990
Show Author Affiliations
Edward Davies, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Kyriacos Kalli, Cyprus Univ. of Technology (Cyprus)
Charalambos Koutsides, Cyprus Univ. of Technology (Cyprus)
Tom Allsop, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Lin Zhang, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7753:
21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors
Jacques Albert; Wojtek J. Bock, Editor(s)

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