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Proceedings Paper

Accounting for human neurocognitive function in the design and evaluation of 360 degree situational awareness display systems
Author(s): Jason S. Metcalfe; Thomas Mikulski; Scott Dittman
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Paper Abstract

The current state and trajectory of development for display technologies supporting information acquisition, analysis and dissemination lends a broad informational infrastructure to operators of complex systems. The amount of information available threatens to outstrip the perceptual-cognitive capacities of operators, thus limiting their ability to effectively interact with targeted technologies. Therefore, a critical step in designing complex display systems is to find an appropriate match between capabilities, operational needs, and human ability to utilize complex information. The present work examines a set of evaluation parameters that were developed to facilitate the design of systems to support a specific military need; that is, the capacity to support the achievement and maintenance of real-time 360° situational awareness (SA) across a range of complex military environments. The focal point of this evaluation is on the reciprocity native to advanced engineering and human factors practices, with a specific emphasis on aligning the operator-systemenvironment fit. That is, the objective is to assess parameters for evaluation of 360° SA display systems that are suitable for military operations in tactical platforms across a broad range of current and potential operational environments. The approach is centered on five "families" of parameters, including vehicle sensors, data transmission, in-vehicle displays, intelligent automation, and neuroergonomic considerations. Parameters are examined under the assumption that displays designed to conform to natural neurocognitive processing will enhance and stabilize Soldier-system performance and, ultimately, unleash the human's potential to actively achieve and maintain the awareness necessary to enhance lethality and survivability within modern and future operational contexts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 June 2011
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8042, Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics V; and Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2011, 80420F (8 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.885051
Show Author Affiliations
Jason S. Metcalfe, DCS Corp. (United States)
Thomas Mikulski, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Ctr. (United States)
Scott Dittman, Vorteil Technologies, Inc. (United States)
DCS Corp. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8042:
Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics V; and Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2011
Jeff J. Güell; Kenneth L. Bernier; John Tudor Thomas; Daniel D. Desjardins, Editor(s)

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