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Proceedings Paper

Minimum energy per bit in high bit rate optical communications and quantum communications
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Paper Abstract

Optical direct detection usually operates far above the quantum limit, due to the high thermal noise level of PIN photodiodes. For signal energy at the quantum level, the thermal effects in photon counters are also a strong limitation. The optical amplification or the heterodyne detection of the 2 quadratures of the field, widely used in high bit rate and long haul optical systems, overcome this limitation at the expense of a minimum 3db noise figure. By allowing a noise free mixing gain, as well as single quadrature measurements, the balanced homodyne receiver is allowed to reach quantum noise limited operation. The aim of this paper is to review the different quantum receiver implementations and to compare the minimum signal energy required to achieve a given bit error rate, or a given bit erasure rate, in high bit rate communications and quantum communications. Application to quantum cryptography will be also addressed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 April 2011
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 8065, SPIE Eco-Photonics 2011: Sustainable Design, Manufacturing, and Engineering Workforce Education for a Green Future, 80650F (21 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.884781
Show Author Affiliations
P. Gallion, Telecom ParisTech (France)
LTCI, CNRS (France)
F. J. Mendieta, CICESE (Mexico)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8065:
SPIE Eco-Photonics 2011: Sustainable Design, Manufacturing, and Engineering Workforce Education for a Green Future
Pierre Ambs; Dan Curticapean; Claus Emmelmann; Wolfgang Knapp; Zbigniew T. Kuznicki; Patrick P. Meyrueis, Editor(s)

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