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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of supervised and unsupervised machine learning techniques for UXO classification using EMI data
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Paper Abstract

Classification tools including Support Vector Machines (SVM) and Neural Networks (NN) are employed, and their performances compared for Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) classification using live site electromagnetic induction (EMI) data. Both SVM and NN are examples of supervised machine-learning techniques, whose purpose is to label the features (extracted from the incoming data of the unknown subsurface anomalies) based on previously trained examples. In this paper a set of three features are extracted from the EMI decay curves of the physics-based intrinsic, effective dipole moment, called the total Normalized Surface Magnetic Source (NSMS). This data is first used to train both the SVM and NN models and further serves as a basis for UXO classification. These techniques are then compared to an unsupervised learning approach, based on agglomerative hierarchical clustering followed by Gaussian Mixture modeling. We found that such combination provides reduction in the amount of required training data (which is being requested solely based on the clustering results) and allows for convenient probabilistic interpretation of the classification. The classification results themselves depend on the UXO caliber, material composition and actual live UXO site's conditions. Therefore, here we report the classification results for a live UXO data set, collected at former Camp San Luis Obispo, CA. This study includes four targets-of-interest: 60-mm, 81-mm, and 4.2-in mortars and 2.36-in rockets. The classification performance between clutters and UXO is studied and the corresponding ROC curves are illustrated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2011
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8017, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVI, 801706 (23 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.884076
Show Author Affiliations
Alex Bijamov, Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
Fridon Shubitidze, Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
Sky Research, Inc. (United States)
Juan Pablo Fernandez, Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
Irma Shamatava, Sky Research, Inc. (United States)
Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
Benjamin E. Barrowes, Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)
Kevin O'Neill, Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth (United States)
U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8017:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVI
Russell S. Harmon; John H. Holloway; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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