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Proceedings Paper

Automatic target recognition from highly incomplete SAR data
Author(s): Chaoran Du; Gabriel Rilling; Mike Davies; Bernard Mulgrew
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Paper Abstract

The automatic target recognition (ATR) performance of SAR with subsampled raw data is investigated in this paper. Two schemes are investigated. In scheme A, SAR images are reconstructed from subsampled data by applying compressed sensing (CS) techniques and then targets are classified using either the mean-squared error (MSE) classifier or the point-feature-based classifier. Both classifiers recognize a target by using the magnitude information of dominant scatterers in the image. They fit nicely with the CS framework considering that CS approaches can efficiently recover the bright pixels in SAR images. In scheme B, the smashed-filter classifier is employed without image formation. Instead it makes the classification decision by directly comparing the observed subsampled data with data simulated from reference images. The impact of various subsampling patterns on ATR is investigated since CS theory suggests that some patterns lead to better performance than others. Simulation results show that compared with images formed by the conventional SAR imaging algorithm, CS reconstructed images always lead to much higher recognition rates for both the classifiers in scheme A. The MSE classifier works better than the point-feature-based classifier because the former takes into account both the magnitudes and locations of bright pixels while the latter uses the locations only. The smashed-filter classifier is computationally efficient and can accurately recognize a target even with strong subsampling if appropriate reference images are available. Its application in practice is difficult because it is sensitive to the phases of complex-valued SAR images, which vary too much for different observation angles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8051, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XVIII, 805115 (5 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.883539
Show Author Affiliations
Chaoran Du, The Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
Gabriel Rilling, The Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
Mike Davies, The Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
Bernard Mulgrew, The Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8051:
Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XVIII
Edmund G. Zelnio; Frederick D. Garber, Editor(s)

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