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Proceedings Paper

Enhanced/synthetic vision and head-worn display technologies for terminal maneuvering area NextGen operations
Author(s): Jarvis J. Arthur; Lawrence J. Prinzel; Steven P. Williams; Randall E. Bailey; Kevin J. Shelton; R. Mike Norman
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Paper Abstract

NASA is researching innovative technologies for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen) to provide a "Better-Than-Visual" (BTV) capability as adjunct to "Equivalent Visual Operations" (EVO); that is, airport throughputs equivalent to that normally achieved during Visual Flight Rules (VFR) operations rates with equivalent and better safety in all weather and visibility conditions including Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC). These new technologies build on proven flight deck systems and leverage synthetic and enhanced vision systems. Two piloted simulation studies were conducted to access the use of a Head-Worn Display (HWD) with head tracking for synthetic and enhanced vision systems concepts. The first experiment evaluated the use a HWD for equivalent visual operations to San Francisco International Airport (airport identifier: KSFO) compared to a visual concept and a head-down display concept. A second experiment evaluated symbology variations under different visibility conditions using a HWD during taxi operations at Chicago O'Hare airport (airport identifier: KORD). Two experiments were conducted, one in a simulated San Francisco airport (KSFO) approach operation and the other, in simulated Chicago O'Hare surface operations, evaluating enhanced/synthetic vision and head-worn display technologies for NextGen operations. While flying a closely-spaced parallel approach to KSFO, pilots rated the HWD, under low-visibility conditions, equivalent to the out-the-window condition, under unlimited visibility, in terms of situational awareness (SA) and mental workload compared to a head-down enhanced vision system. There were no differences between the 3 display concepts in terms of traffic spacing and distance and the pilot decision-making to land or go-around. For the KORD experiment, the visibility condition was not a factor in pilot's rating of clutter effects from symbology. Several concepts for enhanced implementations of an unlimited field-of-regard BTV concept for low-visibility surface operations were determined to be equivalent in pilot ratings of efficacy and usability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2011
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8042, Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics V; and Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2011, 80420Q (1 June 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.883036
Show Author Affiliations
Jarvis J. Arthur, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Lawrence J. Prinzel, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Steven P. Williams, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Randall E. Bailey, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
Kevin J. Shelton, NASA Langley Research Ctr. (United States)
R. Mike Norman, The Boeing Co. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8042:
Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics V; and Enhanced and Synthetic Vision 2011
Jeff J. Güell; John Tudor Thomas; Daniel D. Desjardins; Kenneth L. Bernier, Editor(s)

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