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Proceedings Paper

A non-imaging polarized terahertz passive system for detecting and identifying concealed explosives
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Paper Abstract

Existing terahertz THz systems for detecting concealed explosives are not capable of identifying explosive type which leads to higher false alarm rates. Moreover, some of those systems are imaging systems that invade personal privacy, and require more processing and computational resources. Other systems have no polarization preference which makes them incapable of capturing the geometric features of an explosive. In this study a non-imaging polarized THz passive system for detecting and identifying concealed explosives overcoming the forgoing shortcomings is developed. The system employs a polarized passive THz sensor in acquiring emitted data from a scene that may have concealed explosives. The acquired data are decomposed into their natural resonance frequencies, and the number of those frequencies is used as criteria in detecting the explosive presence. If the presence of an explosive is confirmed, a set of physically based retrieval algorithms is used in extracting the explosive dielectric constant/refractive index value from natural resonance frequencies and amplitudes of associated signals. Comparing the refractive index value against a database of refractive indexes of known explosives identifies the explosive type. As an application, a system having a dual polarized radiometer operating within the frequency band of 0.62- 0.82 THz is presented and used in detecting and identifying person borne C-4 explosive concealed under a cotton garment. The system showed higher efficiencies in detecting and identifying the explosive.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 May 2011
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8017, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVI, 801718 (23 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.882642
Show Author Affiliations
Mostafa A. Karam, Northrop Grumman Navigation Systems (United States)
Doug Meyer, Northrop Grumman Navigation Systems (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8017:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVI
Russell S. Harmon; John H. Holloway; J. Thomas Broach, Editor(s)

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