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Proceedings Paper

Rate-adaptive modulation and coding for optical fiber transmission systems
Author(s): Gwang-Hyun Gho; Joseph M. Kahn
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Paper Abstract

Rate-adaptive optical transmission techniques adjust information bit rate based on transmission distance and other factors affecting signal quality. These techniques enable increased bit rates over shorter links, while enabling transmission over longer links when regeneration is not available. They are likely to become more important with increasing network traffic and a continuing evolution toward optically switched mesh networks, which make signal quality more variable. We propose a rate-adaptive scheme using variable-rate forward error correction (FEC) codes and variable constellations with a fixed symbol rate, quantifying how achievable bit rates vary with distance. The scheme uses serially concatenated Reed-Solomon codes and an inner repetition code to vary the code rate, combined with singlecarrier polarization-multiplexed M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (PM-M-QAM) with variable M and digital coherent detection. A rate adaptation algorithm uses the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) or the FEC decoder input bit-error ratio (BER) estimated by a receiver to determine the FEC code rate and constellation size that maximizes the information bit rate while satisfying a target FEC decoder output BER and an SNR margin, yielding a peak rate of 200 Gbit/s in a nominal 50-GHz channel bandwidth. We simulate single-channel transmission through a long-haul fiber system incorporating numerous optical switches, evaluating the impact of fiber nonlinearity and bandwidth narrowing. With zero SNR margin, we achieve bit rates of 200/100/50 Gbit/s over distances of 650/2000/3000 km. Compared to an ideal coding scheme, the proposed scheme exhibits a performance gap ranging from about 6.4 dB at 650 km to 7.5 dB at 5000 km.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 January 2011
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7960, Coherent Optical Communication: Components, Subsystems, and Systems, 79600B (24 January 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.881421
Show Author Affiliations
Gwang-Hyun Gho, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Joseph M. Kahn, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7960:
Coherent Optical Communication: Components, Subsystems, and Systems
Guifang Li; Dieter Stefan Jäger, Editor(s)

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