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Proceedings Paper

Memorization and detection of an arrested crack in a foam-core sandwich structure using a crack arrester with embedded metal wires and FBG sensors
Author(s): Shu Minakuchi; Nobuo Takeda; Ippei Yamauchi; Yasuo Hirose
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Paper Abstract

A crack arrester has been recently developed to suppress crack propagation along the interface between the facesheet and the core of foam core sandwich structures. The crack arrester is a semi-cylindrical stiff material inserted into the interface. The crack arrester decreases an energy release rate at the crack tip by suppressing local deformation around the crack. If the arrested crack can be instantaneously detected, damage tolerance of foam core sandwich structures is dramatically improved. This study establishes an innovative crack detection technique using metal wires and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors embedded at both edges of the arrester. Specific strain distribution induced by arresting the interface crack is first memorized by the metal wire and the consequent residual strain is then picked up by the FBG sensor as a damage signal. This study began by simulating sensor response to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed technique. A verification test was then conducted, confirming the spectral change of the FBG can indicate propagation direction and tip location of the arrested crack.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 March 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7982, Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems 2011, 798204 (30 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.880673
Show Author Affiliations
Shu Minakuchi, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Nobuo Takeda, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Ippei Yamauchi, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Yasuo Hirose, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7982:
Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems 2011
Wolfgang Ecke; Kara J. Peters; Theodore E. Matikas, Editor(s)

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