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Proceedings Paper

Transformer winding temperature estimation based on tank surface temperature
Author(s): Wenyu Guo; Jaury Wijaya; Daniel Martin; Nick Lelekakis
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Paper Abstract

Power transformers are among the most valuable assets of the electrical grid. Since the largest units cost in the order of millions of dollars, it is desirable to operate them in such a manner that extends their remaining lives. Operating these units at high temperature will cause excessive insulation ageing in the windings. Consequently, it is necessary to study the thermal performance of these expensive items. Measuring or estimating the winding temperature of power transformers is beneficial to a utility because this provides them with the data necessary to make informed decisions on how best to use their assets. Fiber optic sensors have recently become viable for the direct measurement of winding temperatures while a transformer is energized. However, it is only practical to install a fiber optic temperature sensor during the manufacture of a transformer. For transformers operating without fiber optic sensors, the winding temperature can be estimated with calculations using the temperature of the oil at the top of the transformer tank. When the oil temperature measurement is not easily available, the temperature of the tank surface may be used as an alternative. This paper shows how surface temperature may be utilized to estimate the winding temperature within a transformer designed for research purposes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 April 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7981, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011, 79812Y (14 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.880615
Show Author Affiliations
Wenyu Guo, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Jaury Wijaya, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Daniel Martin, Monash Univ. (Australia)
Nick Lelekakis, Monash Univ. (Australia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7981:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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