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Proceedings Paper

Early state damage detection of aluminum 7075-T6 plate based on acoustic emission
Author(s): Didem Ozevin; Zhong Li; Zahra Heidary
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Paper Abstract

Aluminum alloy 7075-T6 is a commonly used material in aircraft industry. A crack usually initiates at the edge of a fastener hole, and it can affect the maintenance schedule and reduce the life of an aircraft structure significantly. The fatigue property of the material has been researched widely to develop methods and models for predicting fatigue crack growth under random loading. From the point of damage tolerance design, the inspection technique of a crack for an aircraft structure is very important because it can be used to determine the inspection period of the aircraft structure. The acoustic emission (AE) technique is a nondestructive testing (NDT) method that is able to monitor damage initiation and progression in real time. Understanding the early stage of AE signature due to the damage progression using small scale laboratory samples requires non-traditional data analysis approaches. In this study, 1mm thick Al-7075-T6 plates were tested under monotonic and fatigue loading. The initiation of damage progression using AE data was identified based on improved linear location algorithm and the result was verified using elasto-plastic finite element model. The improved location algorithm integrates dispersive characteristics of flexural waves and threshold independent approach to pick up the wave arrival time. In this paper, AE results in comparison with FE model under monotonic and fatigue loading will be presented. The comparison of traditional and improved location approaches will be shown. The approach for implementing the laboratory scale results in the large scale field testing will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7983, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2011, 798304 (29 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.879169
Show Author Affiliations
Didem Ozevin, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago (United States)
Zhong Li, Xi-an Aircraft Strength Research Institute (China)
Zahra Heidary, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7983:
Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2011
H. Felix Wu, Editor(s)

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