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Proceedings Paper

Effect of decay on ultrasonic velocity and attenuation measurements in wood
Author(s): Megan McGovern; Adam Senalik; George Chen; Frank C. Beall; Henrique Reis
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Paper Abstract

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) wood cube specimens were exposed to Gloeophyllum fungus (Gloeophyllum trabeum) for increasing periods of time ranging from one week to twelve weeks. The corresponding mass of each of these specimens was recorded before and after they were subjected to the controlled decay. Using X-ray computed tomography (CT) the specimens' corresponding mass loss due to decay and corresponding densities were calculated. For each of the three principal material directions of these specimens with controlled decay, ultrasonic longitudinal and (polarized) shear velocity measurements along with the corresponding attenuation measurements are presented. The measurements were carried out using longitudinal and shear ultrasonic transducers with a center frequency of 100 kHz. A steel delay line was used because of the relative small size of the wooden specimens relative to the used wavelengths. Waveform averaging was used along with the phase-slope method to measure velocities. It was observed that the velocities increase with increasing frequency and decrease with increasing amount of decay, while the corresponding attenuations increase with increasing frequency and with amount of decay.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 April 2011
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7981, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011, 79810N (13 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.879057
Show Author Affiliations
Megan McGovern, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
Adam Senalik, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)
George Chen, USDA Forest Products Lab. (United States)
Frank C. Beall, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
Henrique Reis, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7981:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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