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Proceedings Paper

Nanotechnology research and development for military and industrial applications
Author(s): Paul B. Ruffin; Christina L. Brantley; Eugene Edwards; J. Keith Roberts; William Chew; Larry C. Warren; Paul R. Ashley; Henry O. Everitt; Eric Webster; John V. Foreman; Mohan Sanghadasa; Sihon H. Crutcher; Mark G. Temmen; Vijay Varadan; Devlin Hayduke; Pae C. Wu; Christopher G. Khoury; Yang Yang; Tong-Ho Kim; Tuan Vo-Dinh; April S. Brown; John Callahan
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Paper Abstract

Researchers at the Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) have initiated multidiscipline efforts to develop nano-based structures and components for insertion into advanced missile, aviation, and autonomous air and ground systems. The objective of the research is to exploit unique phenomena for the development of novel technology to enhance warfighter capabilities and produce precision weapons. The key technology areas that the authors are exploring include nano-based microsensors, nano-energetics, nano-batteries, nano-composites, and nano-plasmonics. By integrating nano-based devices, structures, and materials into weaponry, the Army can revolutionize existing (and future) missile systems by significantly reducing the size, weight and cost. The major research thrust areas include the development of chemical sensors to detect rocket motor off-gassing and toxic industrial chemicals; the development of highly sensitive/selective, self-powered miniaturized acoustic sensors for battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance; the development of a minimum signature solid propellant with increased ballistic and physical properties that meet insensitive munitions requirements; the development of nano-structured material for higher voltage thermal batteries and higher energy density storage; the development of advanced composite materials that provide high frequency damping for inertial measurement units' packaging; and the development of metallic nanostructures for ultraviolet surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. The current status of the overall AMRDEC Nanotechnology research efforts is disclosed in this paper. Critical technical challenges, for the various technologies, are presented. The authors' approach for overcoming technical barriers and achieving required performance is also discussed. Finally, the roadmap for each technology, as well as the overall program, is presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 April 2011
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 7980, Nanosensors, Biosensors, and Info-Tech Sensors and Systems 2011, 798002 (15 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878970
Show Author Affiliations
Paul B. Ruffin, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Christina L. Brantley, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Eugene Edwards, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
J. Keith Roberts, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
William Chew, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Larry C. Warren, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Paul R. Ashley, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Henry O. Everitt, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Eric Webster, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
John V. Foreman, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Mohan Sanghadasa, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Sihon H. Crutcher, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Mark G. Temmen, U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (United States)
Vijay Varadan, Univ. of Arkansas (United States)
Devlin Hayduke, Material Sciences Corp. (United States)
Pae C. Wu, Duke Univ. (United States)
Christopher G. Khoury, Duke Univ. (United States)
Yang Yang, Duke Univ. (United States)
Tong-Ho Kim, Duke Univ. (United States)
Tuan Vo-Dinh, Duke Univ. (United States)
April S. Brown, Duke Univ. (United States)
John Callahan, AEgis Technologies Group, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7980:
Nanosensors, Biosensors, and Info-Tech Sensors and Systems 2011
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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