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Proceedings Paper

Design of phononic band gaps in functionally graded piezocomposite materials by using topology optimization
Author(s): Sandro L. Vatanabe; Emílio C. N. Silva
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Paper Abstract

One of the properties of composite materials is the possibility of having phononic band gaps, within which sound and vibrations at certain frequencies do not propagate. These materials are called Phononic Crystals (PCs). PCs with large band gaps are of great interest for many applications, such as transducers, elastic/ acoustic filters, noise control, and vibration shields. Most of previous works concentrates on PCs made of elastic isotropic materials; however, band gaps can be enlarged by using non-isotropic materials, such as piezoelectric materials. Since the main property of PCs is the presence of band gaps, one possible way to design structures which have a desired band gap is through Topology Optimization Method (TOM). TOM is a computational technique that determines the layout of a material such that a prescribed objective is maximized. Functionally Graded Materials (FGM) are composite materials whose properties vary gradually and continuously along a specific direction within the domain of the material. One of the advantages of applying the FGM concept to TOM is that it is not necessary a discrete 0-1 result, once the material gradation is part of the solution. Therefore, the interpretation step becomes easier and the dispersion diagram obtained from the optimization is not significantly modified. In this work, the main objective is to optimize the position and width of piezocomposite materials band gaps. Finite element analysis is implemented with Bloch-Floquet theory to solve the dynamic behavior of two-dimensional functionally graded unit cells. The results demonstrate that phononic band gaps can be designed by using this methodology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7978, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2011, 797811 (28 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878851
Show Author Affiliations
Sandro L. Vatanabe, Escola Politécnica da Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Emílio C. N. Silva, Escola Politécnica da Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7978:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2011
Zoubeida Ounaies; Stefan S. Seelecke, Editor(s)

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