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Proceedings Paper

Global-to-local, shape-based, real and virtual landmarks for shape modeling by recursive boundary subdivision
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Paper Abstract

Landmark based statistical object modeling techniques, such as Active Shape Model (ASM), have proven useful in medical image analysis. Identification of the same homologous set of points in a training set of object shapes is the most crucial step in ASM, which has encountered challenges such as (C1) defining and characterizing landmarks; (C2) ensuring homology; (C3) generalizing to n > 2 dimensions; (C4) achieving practical computations. In this paper, we propose a novel global-to-local strategy that attempts to address C3 and C4 directly and works in Rn. The 2D version starts from two initial corresponding points determined in all training shapes via a method α, and subsequently by subdividing the shapes into connected boundary segments by a line determined by these points. A shape analysis method β is applied on each segment to determine a landmark on the segment. This point introduces more pairs of points, the lines defined by which are used to further subdivide the boundary segments. This recursive boundary subdivision (RBS) process continues simultaneously on all training shapes, maintaining synchrony of the level of recursion, and thereby keeping correspondence among generated points automatically by the correspondence of the homologous shape segments in all training shapes. The process terminates when no subdividing lines are left to be considered that indicate (as per method β) that a point can be selected on the associated segment. Examples of α and β are presented based on (a) distance; (b) Principal Component Analysis (PCA); and (c) the novel concept of virtual landmarks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2011
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing, 796247 (15 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878350
Show Author Affiliations
Sylvia Rueda, The Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Jayaram K. Udupa, The Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7962:
Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing
Benoit M. Dawant; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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