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Proceedings Paper

Multimodal image registration by edge attraction and regularization using a B-spline grid
Author(s): Almar Klein; Dirk-Jan Kroon; Yvonne Hoogeveen; Leo J. Schultze Kool; W. Klaas Jan Renema; Cornelis H. Slump
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Paper Abstract

Multi modal image registration enables images from different modalities to be analyzed in the same coordinate system. The class of B-spline-based methods that maximize the Mutual Information between images produce satisfactory result in general, but are often complex and can converge slowly. The popular Demons algorithm, while being fast and easy to implement, produces unrealistic deformation fields and is sensitive to illumination differences between the two images, which makes it unsuitable for multi-modal registration in its original form. We propose a registration algorithm that combines a B-spline grid with deformations driven by image forces. The algorithm is easy to implement and is robust against large differences in the appearance between the images to register. The deformation is driven by attraction-forces between the edges in both images, and a B-spline grid is used to regularize the sparse deformation field. The grid is updated using an original approach by weighting the deformation forces for each pixel individually with the edge strengths. This approach makes the algorithm perform well even if not all corresponding edges are present. We report preliminary results by applying the proposed algorithm to a set of (multi-modal) test images. The results show that the proposed method performs well, but is less accurate than state of the art registration methods based on Mutual Information. In addition, the algorithm is used to register test images to manually drawn line images in order to demonstrate the algorithm's robustness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 March 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7962, Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing, 796220 (11 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878267
Show Author Affiliations
Almar Klein, Univ. of Twente (Netherlands)
Dirk-Jan Kroon, Univ. of Twente (Netherlands)
Yvonne Hoogeveen, Radboud Univ. Nijmegen Medical Ctr. (Netherlands)
Leo J. Schultze Kool, Radboud Univ. Nijmegen Medical Ctr. (Netherlands)
W. Klaas Jan Renema, Radboud Univ. Nijmegen Medical Ctr. (Netherlands)
Cornelis H. Slump, Univ. Twente (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7962:
Medical Imaging 2011: Image Processing
Benoit M. Dawant; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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