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Proceedings Paper

Examination of the dental cone-beam CT equipped with flat-panel-detector (FPD)
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Paper Abstract

In dentistry, computed tomography (CT) is essential for diagnosis. Recently, cone-beam CT has come into use. We used an "Alphard 3030" cone-beam CT equipped with an FPD system. This system can obtain fluoroscopic and CT images. Moreover, the Alphard has 4 exposure modes for CT, and each mode has a different field of view (FOV) and voxel size. We examined the image quality of kinetic and CT images obtained using the cone-beam CT system. To evaluate kinetic image quality, we calculated the Wiener spectrum (WS) and modulation transfer function (MTF). We then analyzed the lag images and exposed a phantom. To evaluate CT image quality, we calculated WS and MTF at various places in the FOV and examined the influence of extension of the cone beam X-ray on voxel size. Furthermore, we compared the WS and MTF values of cone-beam CT to those of another CT system. Evaluation of the kinetic images showed that cone-beam CT is sufficient for clinical diagnosis and provides better image quality than the other system tested. However, during exposure of a CT image, the distance from the center influences image quality (especially MTF). Further, differences in voxel size affect image quality. It is therefore necessary to carefully position the region of interest and select an appropriate mode.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 March 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7961, Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging, 79615Q (17 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877911
Show Author Affiliations
Rieko Ito, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)
Naotoshi Fujita, Nagoya Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Yoshie Kodera, Nagoya Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7961:
Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging
Norbert J. Pelc; Ehsan Samei; Robert M. Nishikawa, Editor(s)

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