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Proceedings Paper

Single camera closed-form real-time needle trajectory tracking for ultrasound
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Paper Abstract

In ultrasound-guided needle insertion procedures, tracking of the needle relative to the ultrasound image is beneficial for needle trajectory planning and guidance. A single camera closed-form method is proposed for automatic real-time trajectory tracking with a low-cost camera mounted directly on the ultrasound transducer. The camera is calibrated to the ultrasound image coordinates. By mounting the camera on the transducer, issues of visual obstruction are reduced and accuracy of tracking is increased compared to camera-tracking systems with a fixed case. Compared to previous work with stereo cameras, a single camera further reduces cost, complexity and size, but requires a needle with known markings. The proposed solution uses the depth markings etched on many common needles (e.g. epidural needle). A fully automatic image processing method has been developed for real-time identification of the needle trajectory using a novel closed-form solution based on three identified markings and the camera's intrinsic calibration parameters. The trajectory of the needle relative to the ultrasound image is calculated and displayed. Validation compares the calculated intersection of the needle trajectory to the ultrasound image with the depiction of the actual needle intersection in the image. The overall error is 3.0 ± 2.6 mm for a low-cost 640×480 pixel USB camera.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7964, Medical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 79641F (1 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877798
Show Author Affiliations
Mohammad Najafi, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Robert Rohling, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7964:
Medical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling
Kenneth H. Wong; David R. Holmes, Editor(s)

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