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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of a novel CT image reconstruction algorithm with enhanced temporal resolution
Author(s): H. Schöndube; T. Allmendinger; K. Stierstorfer; H. Bruder; T. Flohr
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Paper Abstract

We present an evaluation of a novel algorithm that is designed to enhance temporal resolution in CT beyond the short-scan limit by making use of a histogram constraint. A minimum scan angle of 180° plus fan angle is needed to acquire complete data for reconstructing an image. Conventionally, this means that a temporal resolution of half the gantry rotation time is achievable in the isocenter and that an enhancement of temporal resolution can only be accomplished by a faster gantry rotation or by using a dual-source system. In this work we pursue a different approach, namely employing an iterative algorithm to reconstruct images from less than 180° of projections and using a histogram constraint to prevent the occurrence of limited-angle artifacts. The method is fundamentally different from previously published approaches using prior images and TV minimization. Furthermore, motion detection is used to enhance dose usage in those parts of the image where temporal resolution is not critical. We evaluate the technique with patient and phantom scans as well as using simulated data. The proposed method yields good results and image quality, both with simulated and with clinical data. Our evaluations show that an enhancement of temporal resolution to a value equivalent to about 120° of projections is viable, which corresponds to an enhancement of temporal resolution by about 30%. Furthermore, by employing motion detection, a substantial noise reduction can be achieved in those parts of the image where no motion occurs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 March 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7961, Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging, 79611N (16 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877734
Show Author Affiliations
H. Schöndube, Siemens AG (Germany)
T. Allmendinger, Siemens AG (Germany)
K. Stierstorfer, Siemens AG (Germany)
H. Bruder, Siemens AG (Germany)
T. Flohr, Siemens AG (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7961:
Medical Imaging 2011: Physics of Medical Imaging
Norbert J. Pelc; Ehsan Samei; Robert M. Nishikawa, Editor(s)

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