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Proceedings Paper

Measurement of surface resistivity/conductivity of carbon steel in 5-20ppm of TROS C-70 inhibited seawater by optical interferometry techniques
Author(s): Khaled Habib
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Paper Abstract

ptical interferometry techniques were used for the first time to measure the volume resistivity/conductivity of carbon steel samples in seawater with different concentrations of a corrosion inhibitor. In this investigation, the real-time holographic interferometric was carried out to measure the thickness of anodic dissolved layer or the total thickness , Utotal , of formed oxide layer of carbon steel samples during the alternating current (AC) impedance of the samples in blank seawater and in 5-20 ppm TROS C-70 inhibited seawater, respectively. In addition, a mathematical model was derived in order to correlate between the AC impedance (resistance) and to the surface (orthogonal) displacement of the surface of the samples in solutions. In other words, a proportionality constant ( resistivity (ρ) or conductivity(σ)=1/[ resistivity (ρ)]) between the determined AC impedance (by EIS technique) and the orthogonal displacement (by the optical interferometry techniques) was obtained. The value of the resistivity of the carbon steel sample in the blank seawater was found similar to the value of the resistivity of the carbon steel sample air, around 1x10-5 Ohms-cm. On the contrary, the measured values of the resistivity of the carbon steel samples were 1.85x107 Ohms-cm , 3.35.x107 Ohms-cm, and 1.7x107 Ohmscm in 5ppm,10ppm, and 20ppm TROS C-70 inhibited seawater solutions, respectively. Furthermore, the determined value range of the ρ of the formed oxide layers, 1.7x107 Ohms-cm to 3.35.x107 Ohms-cm, is found in a reasonable agreement with the one found in literature for the Fe Oxide-hydroxides, i.e., Goethite(α-FeOOH) and for the Lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH), 1x109 Ohms-cm. The ρ value of the Fe Oxide-hydroxides, 1x109 Ohms-cm, was found slightly higher than the ρ value range of the formed oxide layer of the present study. This because the former value was determined by a DC method rather than by an electromagnetic method, i.e., holographic interferometry, with applications of EIS, i.e., AC method. As a result, erroneous measurements were recorded due to the introduction of heat to Fe oxidehydroxides.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 May 2011
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8074, Holography: Advances and Modern Trends II, 80740Q (11 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877628
Show Author Affiliations
Khaled Habib, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (Kuwait)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8074:
Holography: Advances and Modern Trends II
Miroslav Hrabovský; Miroslav Miler; John T. Sheridan, Editor(s)

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