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Proceedings Paper

Aesthetic role of transparency and layering in the creation of photo layouts
Author(s): Maria V. Ortiz Segovia; Niranjan Damera-Venkata; Eamonn O'Brien-Strain; Jian Fan; Suk Hwan Lim; Sam Liu; Jerry Liu; Qian Lin; Jan P. Allebach
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Paper Abstract

Even though technology has allowed us to measure many different aspects of images, it is still a challenge to objectively measure their aesthetic appeal. A more complex challenge is presented when an arrangement of images is to be analyzed, such as in a photo-book page. Several approaches have been proposed to measure the appeal of a document layout that, in general, make use of geometric features such as the position and size of a single object relative to the overall layout. Fewer efforts have been made to include in a metric the influence of the content and composition of images in the layout. Many of the aesthetic characteristics that graphic designers and artists use in their daily work have been either left out of the analysis or only roughly approximated in an effort to materialize the concepts. Moreover, graphic design tools such as transparency and layering play an important role in the professional creation of layouts for documents such as posters and flyers. The main goal of our study is to apply similar techniques within an automated photo-layout generation tool. Among other design techniques, the tool makes use of layering and transparency in the layout to produce a professional-looking arrangement of the pictures. Two series of experiments with people from different levels of expertise with graphic design provided us with the tools to make the results of our system more appealing. In this paper, we discuss the results of our experiments in the context of distinct graphic design concepts.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 February 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7879, Imaging and Printing in a Web 2.0 World II, 78790B (7 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877269
Show Author Affiliations
Maria V. Ortiz Segovia, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Niranjan Damera-Venkata, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Eamonn O'Brien-Strain, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Jian Fan, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Suk Hwan Lim, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Sam Liu, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Jerry Liu, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Qian Lin, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Jan P. Allebach, Purdue Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7879:
Imaging and Printing in a Web 2.0 World II
Qian Lin; Jan P. Allebach; Zhigang Fan, Editor(s)

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