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Proceedings Paper

Thin film CIGS photovoltaic modules: monolithic integration and advanced packaging for high performance, high reliability and low cost
Author(s): Louay Eldada
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Paper Abstract

In recent years, thin-film photovoltaic companies started realizing their low manufacturing cost potential, and have been grabbing an increasingly larger market share. Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) is the most promising thin-film PV material, having demonstrated the highest energy conversion efficiency in both cells and modules. However, most CIGS manufacturers still face the challenge of delivering a reliable and rapid manufacturing process that can scale effectively and deliver on the promise of this material system. HelioVolt has developed a reactive transfer process for CIGS absorber formation that has the benefits of good compositional control, and a fast high-quality CIGS reaction. The reactive transfer process is a two stage CIGS fabrication method. Precursor films are deposited onto substrates and reusable cover plates in the first stage, while in the second stage the CIGS layer is formed by rapid heating with Se confinement. HelioVolt also developed best-in-class packaging technologies that provide unparalleled environmental stability. High quality CIGS films with large grains were fabricated on the production line, and high-performance highreliability monolithic modules with a form factor of 120 cm × 60 cm are being produced at high yield and low cost. With conversion efficiency levels around 14% for cells and 12% for modules, HelioVolt is commercializing the process on its first production line with 20 MW capacity, and is planning its next GW-scale factory.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 February 2011
PDF: 24 pages
Proc. SPIE 7942, Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XIII, 79420F (8 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.877119
Show Author Affiliations
Louay Eldada, HelioVolt Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7942:
Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XIII
Louay A. Eldada; El-Hang Lee, Editor(s)

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