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Proceedings Paper

Growth and replication of red rain cells at 121°C and their red fluorescence
Author(s): Rajkumar Gangappa; Chandra Wickramasinghe; Milton Wainwright; A. Santhosh Kumar; Godfrey Louis
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Paper Abstract

We have shown that the red cells found in the Red Rain (which fell on Kerala, India, in 2001) survive and grow after incubation for periods of up to two hours at 121°C . Under these conditions daughter cells appear within the original mother cells and the number of cells in the samples increases with length of exposure to 121°C. No such increase in cells occurs at room temperature, suggesting that the increase in daughter cells is brought about by exposure of the Red Rain cells to high temperatures. This is an independent confirmation of results reported earlier by two of the present authors, claiming that the cells can replicate under high pressure at temperatures upto 300°C. The flourescence behaviour of the red cells is shown to be in remarkable correspondence with the extended red emission observed in the Red Rectagle planetary nebula and other galactic and extragalactic dust clouds, suggesting, though not proving an extraterrestrial origin.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 2010
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7819, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII, 78190N (7 September 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.876393
Show Author Affiliations
Rajkumar Gangappa, Univ. of Glamorgan (United Kingdom)
Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
Chandra Wickramasinghe, Cardiff Univ. (United Kingdom)
Milton Wainwright, The Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)
A. Santhosh Kumar, Cochin Univ. of Science & Technology (India)
Godfrey Louis, Cochin Univ. of Science & Technology (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7819:
Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII
Richard B. Hoover; Gilbert V. Levin; Alexei Yu. Rozanov; Paul C. W. Davies, Editor(s)

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