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Proceedings Paper

Subwavelength and diffractive waveguide structures and their applications in nanophotonics and sensing
Author(s): P. Cheben; P. J. Bock; J. H. Schmid; J. Lapointe; S. Janz; D.-X. Xu; R. Ma; A. Densmore; A. Delâge; B. Lamontagne; T. J. Hall; R. Halir; I. Molina-Fernández; J.-M. Fédéli
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Paper Abstract

We review recent advances in subwavelength and diffractive structures in planar waveguides. First, we present a new type of microphotonic waveguide, exploiting the subwavelength grating (SWG) effect. We demonstrate several examples of subwavelength grating waveguides and components made of silicon, operating at telecom wavelengths. The SWG technique allows for engineering of the refractive index of a waveguide core over a range as broad as 1.5-3.5 simply by lithographic patterning using only two materials, for example Si and SiO2. This circumvents an important limitation in integrated optics, which is the fixed value of the refractive indices of the constituent materials in the absence of an active tuning mechanism. A subwavelength grating fibre-chip microphotonic coupler is presented with a loss as low as 0.9 dB and with minimal wavelength dependence over a broad wavelength range exceeding 200 nm. It is shown that the SWG waveguides can be used to make efficient waveguide crossings with minimal loss and negligible crosstalk. We also present a diffractive surface grating coupler with subwavelength nanostructure, that has been implemented in a Si-wire evanescent field biological sensor. Furthermore, we discuss a new type of planar waveguide multiplexer with a SWG engineered nanostructure, yielding an operation bandwidth exceeding 170 nm for a device size of only 160 μm × 100 μm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 January 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7941, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XV, 794111 (18 January 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.875431
Show Author Affiliations
P. Cheben, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
P. J. Bock, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
York Univ. (Canada)
Univ. of Ottawa (Canada)
J. H. Schmid, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
J. Lapointe, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
S. Janz, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
D.-X. Xu, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
R. Ma, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
A. Densmore, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
A. Delâge, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
B. Lamontagne, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
T. J. Hall, Univ. of Ottawa (Canada)
R. Halir, Univ. de Málaga (Spain)
I. Molina-Fernández, Univ. de Málaga (Spain)
J.-M. Fédéli, CEA, LETI (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7941:
Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XV
Jean Emmanuel Broquin; Gualtiero Nunzi Conti, Editor(s)

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