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Proceedings Paper

Fabrication and optical stability of silanized gold nanorods as multifunctional transducers of near infrared light
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Paper Abstract

We give new insight into multifunctional nanoparticles with light extinction in the therapeutic window, optical stability even on aggregation, as well as possibility of bio-conjugation. The optical response of these particles rests on gold nanorods, which interact with near infrared (NIR) light via plasmonic oscillations, i.e. a boundary effect which depends on all physiochemical conditions at the interface with their environment. Therefore their feasibility for biomedical applications is challenged by a poor definition of their dispersion medium, aggregation (e.g. inside endocytic vesicles) and shape transformations, which typically occur in the biological sample and under excitation and jeopardize their optical features. Here silanization of the gold nanorods is proposed as one effective solution to overcome these issues. A shell of porous silica confers isolation from the local environment and additional stability, and also proves suitable for PEGylation and bio-conjugation with e.g. biological macromolecules. In particular we engineer models of aggregation of these particles, in order to investigate its principal effect on their optical response. While in the absence of silica gold nanorods undergo substantial degradation of their plasmon oscillations, silanization proves excellent to maintain pristine optical properties even after critical flocculation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 February 2011
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7910, Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications III, 79101E (11 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.875157
Show Author Affiliations
Fulvio Ratto, Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara (Italy)
Paolo Matteini, Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara (Italy)
Sonia Centi, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Francesca Rossi, Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara (Italy)
Franco Fusi, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Roberto Pini, Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7910:
Reporters, Markers, Dyes, Nanoparticles, and Molecular Probes for Biomedical Applications III
Samuel Achilefu; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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