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Proceedings Paper

Detection of pre-charring optical behavior at a laser catheter-tip in blood: ex vivo and in vivo study
Author(s): Mei Takahashi; Arisa Ito; Takuro Kajihara; Tsunenori Arai
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Paper Abstract

We studied a pre-charring optical behavior of blood at a laser catheter-tip during a red laser irradiation (663 nm, CW) with around 50 W/cm2 in blood to prevent charring at the laser catheter-tip. The laser irradiated red-blood-cell shape changes were microscopically observed. A round formation, aggregation, and hemolysis were found until blood charring (ex vivo). A time-history of diffuse-reflected light power and transmitted light power from a thin blood layer which was irradiated by the red laser were measured with microscope optics to investigate the charring process. The diffusereflected light power decreased following a gentle peak before the charring. This decrease indicated the pre-charring behavior which might be induced by scattering and absorption changes due to red-blood-cell degenerations described above. Using the laser catheter located in porcine heart, we successfully detected the pre-charring behavior by a backscattering light power (in vivo). We demonstrated charring prevention availability with the laser power control (ex vivo). We think that the backscattering light power measurement and laser power control via the laser catheter might be useful to detect pre-charring behavior, and to prevent the charring for therapeutic laser irradiation in blood under catheterization such as arrhythmia treatment with photodynamic therapy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2011
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7897, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXII, 78970U (17 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.874622
Show Author Affiliations
Mei Takahashi, Keio Univ. (Japan)
Arisa Ito, Keio Univ. (Japan)
Takuro Kajihara, Keio Univ. (Japan)
Tsunenori Arai, Keio Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7897:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXII
E. Duco Jansen; Robert J. Thomas, Editor(s)

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