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Proceedings Paper

Selective treatment of carious dentin using a mid-infrared tunable pulsed laser at 6 μm wavelength range
Author(s): Masayuki Saiki; Katsunori Ishii; Kazushi Yoshikawa; Kenzo Yasuo; Kazuyo Yamamoto; Kunio Awazu
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Paper Abstract

Optical technologies have good potential for caries detection, prevention, excavation, and the realization of minimal intervention dentistry. This study aimed to develop a selective excavation technique of carious tissue using the specific absorption in 6 μm wavelength range. Bovine dentin demineralized with lactic acid solution was used as a carious dentin model. A mid-infrared tunable pulsed laser was obtained by difference-frequency generation technique. The wavelength was tuned to 6.02 and 6.42 μm which correspond to absorption bands called amide I and amide II, respectively. The laser delivers 5 ns pulse width at a repetition rate of 10 Hz. The morphological change after irradiation was observed with a scanning electron microscope, and the measurement of ablation depth was performed with a confocal laser microscope. At λ = 6.02 μm and the average power density of 15 W/cm2, demineralized dentin was removed selectively with less-invasive effect on sound dentin. The wavelength of 6.42 μm also showed the possibility of selective removal. High ablation efficiency and low thermal side effect were observed using the nanosecond pulsed laser with λ = 6.02 μm. In the near future, development of compact laser device will open the minimal invasive laser treatment to the dental clinic.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2011
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 7884, Lasers in Dentistry XVII, 78840L (18 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.874569
Show Author Affiliations
Masayuki Saiki, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Katsunori Ishii, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Kazushi Yoshikawa, Osaka Dental Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Kenzo Yasuo, Osaka Dental Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Kazuyo Yamamoto, Osaka Dental Univ. Hospital (Japan)
Kunio Awazu, Osaka Univ. (Japan)
Univ. of Fukui (Japan)
Kyoto Univ. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7884:
Lasers in Dentistry XVII
Peter Rechmann D.D.S.; Daniel Fried, Editor(s)

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