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Proceedings Paper

Digital reconstruction on geographical environment of Neolithic human activities in the Lingjiatan site of Chaohu City, East China
Author(s): Xinyuan Wang; Jie Zhang; Li Wu; Kunshu Zhou; Duowen Mo
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Paper Abstract

The Chaohu Lake Basin is an important area for ancient human activities in East China. The Lingjiatan site, which is located at the southeast of Chaohu City, Anhui Province, and 35 km north to the Yangtze River and 5 km south to the Taihu Mountain, is the most representative Neolithic Age site with advanced jade-carving techniques in this area. The 14C date of Lingjiatan Site is about 5600~5300aBP, the same time as the Hongshan culture and earlier than the Liangzhu culture, which falls into the Mid-Holocene epoch. Based on mid-high resolution remote sensing images and former archaeological materials, combined with field investigations and sampling analysis of the archaeological site profile of Lingjiatan Site as well as core drillings in the Chaohu Lake, the paper reconstructs the climate environment of the Lingjiatan site and the environmental background of ancient human activities during Mid-Holocene. The research results show that: (1) The ancients in Lingjiatan lived in the Holocene Optimum, its culture development was during the interim phase when the climate transformed from warm and wet to cool and dry. (2) The ground surface deposited in the last phase of late Pleistocene epoch (OSL dating is 11.6 ±1.0 ka BP) was the living ground for Lingjiatan ancient humans. The sedimentary discontinuous surface may be caused by strong fluvial erosion under the warm and humid climatic conditions of the Mid-Holocene. (3) Originally, paleo-geomorphic surface was a level shallow mesa foreside southern part of Taihu Mountain, but was cut by fluvial waters and the geomorphologic configuration formed "finger-like" features alternately with strip hillocks and rivers. These features can be seen on the Landsat ETM+ remote sensing image, especially the depression area. This depression is now cropland, and was interpreted as the palaeochannels. (4) Based on the remote sensing image interpretation, the site was in a "peninsula shape" environment which had rivers flowing around the east, west and south sides of the Changgang terrain and that was good for rice planting, hunting, fishing and water transportation. (5) The most particular characteristic of the Lingjiatan site is the advanced jade production, those maybe have some relationship with the convenient shipping, trade exchanges and optimal environmental conditions, which was also conducive to rice cultivation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 November 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7841, Sixth International Symposium on Digital Earth: Data Processing and Applications, 78411Z (3 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.873347
Show Author Affiliations
Xinyuan Wang, Ctr. for Earth Observation and Digital Earth (China)
Anhui Normal Univ. (China)
Work Station of Anhui Province for Remote Sensing Archaeology (China)
Jie Zhang, Anhui Normal Univ. (China)
Work Station of Anhui Province for Remote Sensing Archaeology (China)
Li Wu, Anhui Normal Univ. (China)
Work Station of Anhui Province for Remote Sensing Archaeology (China)
Kunshu Zhou, Institute of Geology and Geophysics (China)
Duowen Mo, Peking Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7841:
Sixth International Symposium on Digital Earth: Data Processing and Applications
Huadong Guo; Changlin Wang, Editor(s)

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