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Proceedings Paper

Image enhancement of high digital magnification for patients with central vision loss
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a mobile vision assistive device based on a head mounted display (HMD) with a video camera, which provides image magnification and contrast enhancement for patients with central field loss (CFL). Because the exposure level of the video camera is usually adjusted according to the overall luminance of the scene, the contrast of sub-images (to be magnified) may be low. We found that at high magnification levels, conventional histogram enhancement methods frequently result in over- or under-enhancement due to irregular histogram distribution of subimages. Furthermore, the histogram range of the sub-images may change dramatically when the camera moves, which may cause flickering. A piece-wise histogram stretching method based on a center emphasized histogram is proposed and evaluated by observers. The center emphasized histogram minimizes the histogram fluctuation due to image changes near the image boundary when the camera moves slightly, which therefore reduces flickering after enhancement. A piece-wise histogram stretching function is implemented by including a gain turnaround point to deal with very low contrast images and reduce the possibility of over enhancement. Six normally sighted subjects and a CFL patient were tested for their preference of images enhanced by the conventional and proposed methods as well as the original images. All subjects preferred the proposed enhancement method over the conventional method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 February 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7865, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVI, 786516 (2 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.872531
Show Author Affiliations
Zhengzhou Li, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School (United States)
Gang Luo, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School (United States)
Eli Peli, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7865:
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVI
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas, Editor(s)

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