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Proceedings Paper

Effect of image scaling on stereoscopic movie experience
Author(s): Jukka P. Häkkinen; Jussi Hakala; Miska Hannuksela; Pirkko Oittinen
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Paper Abstract

Camera separation affects the perceived depth in stereoscopic movies. Through control of the separation and thereby the depth magnitudes, the movie can be kept comfortable but interesting. In addition, the viewing context has a significant effect on the perceived depth, as a larger display and longer viewing distances also contribute to an increase in depth. Thus, if the content is to be viewed in multiple viewing contexts, the depth magnitudes should be carefully planned so that the content always looks acceptable. Alternatively, the content can be modified for each viewing situation. To identify the significance of changes due to the viewing context, we studied the effect of stereoscopic camera base distance on the viewer experience in three different situations: 1) small sized video and a viewing distance of 38 cm, 2) television and a viewing distance of 158 cm, and 3) cinema and a viewing distance of 6-19 meters. We examined three different animations with positive parallax. The results showed that the camera distance had a significant effect on the viewing experience in small display/short viewing distance situations, in which the experience ratings increased until the maximum disparity in the scene was 0.34 - 0.45 degrees of visual angle. After 0.45 degrees, increasing the depth magnitude did not affect the experienced quality ratings. Interestingly, changes in the camera distance did not affect the experience ratings in the case of television or cinema if the depth magnitudes were below one degree of visual angle. When the depth was greater than one degree, the experience ratings began to drop significantly. These results indicate that depth magnitudes have a larger effect on the viewing experience with a small display. When a stereoscopic movie is viewed from a larger display, other experiences might override the effect of depth magnitudes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 February 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7863, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXII, 78630R (25 February 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.872530
Show Author Affiliations
Jukka P. Häkkinen, Aalto Univ. School of Science and Technology (Finland)
Jussi Hakala, Aalto Univ. School of Science and Technology (Finland)
Miska Hannuksela, Nokia Research Ctr. (Finland)
Pirkko Oittinen, Aalto Univ. School of Science and Technology (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7863:
Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXII
Andrew J. Woods; Nicolas S. Holliman; Neil A. Dodgson, Editor(s)

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