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Proceedings Paper

Secure real-time wireless video streaming in the aeronautical telecommunications network
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Paper Abstract

As Air Traffic Control Systems move from a voice only environment to one in which clearances are issued via data link, there is a risk that an unauthorized entity may attempt to masquerade as either the pilot or controller. In order to protect against this and related attacks, air-ground communications must be secured. The challenge is to add security in an environment in which bandwidth is limited. The Aeronautical Telecommunications Network (ATN) is an enabling digital network communications technology that addresses capacity and efficiency issues associated with current aeronautical voice communication systems. Equally important, the ATN facilitates migration to free flight, where direct computer-to-computer communication will automate air traffic management, minimize controller and pilot workload, and improve overall aircraft routing efficiency. Protecting ATN communications is critical since safety-of-flight is seriously affected if an unauthorized entity, a hacker for example, is able to penetrate an otherwise reliable communications system and accidentally or maliciously introduce erroneous information that jeopardizes the overall safety and integrity of a given airspace. However, an ATN security implementation must address the challenges associated with aircraft mobility, limited bandwidth communication channels, and uninterrupted operation across organizational and geopolitical boundaries. This paper provides a brief overview of the ATN, the ATN security concept, and begins a basic introduction to the relevant security concepts of security threats, security services and security mechanisms. Security mechanisms are further examined by presenting the fundamental building blocks of symmetric encipherment, asymmetric encipherment, and hash functions. The second part of this paper presents the project of cryptographiclly secure wireless communication between Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and the ground station in the ATM system, based on the ARM9 processor development kid and Embedded Linux operation system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 September 2010
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 7745, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2010, 77451Z (14 September 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.872102
Show Author Affiliations
Pawel Czernik, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Jakub Olszyna, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7745:
Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2010
Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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