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Proceedings Paper

Integration of ANN with TOPMODEL in daily stream flow forecasting
Author(s): Jingwen Xu; Xingmei Xie; Junren Xian; Wanchang Zhang; Lan Shen
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Paper Abstract

Despite the strength and a increasing interest in application of artificial neural networks (ANNs) to rainfall runoff simulating, the deficiencies associated with traditional applications of ANNs in which the networks essentially function as black box models is obvious. The objective of this work is therefore to enhance the ANN-based rainfall runoff models' ability in the description of hydrological processes such as interception, infiltration, surface runoff, sub-surface runoff and evapotranspiration by integrating it with TOPMODEL, which is a simple physically based rainfall-runoff model and has become increasingly popular and widely used in a great number of applications in recent years. A new integrated model named ANN-TOPMODEL is proposed in this study. Baohe River basin (2413 km2), located at the upper stream of the Hanjiang Catchment in Yangtze River Basin, China, is selected as the study area for testing the new model. The results show that the daily stream flows simulated by the new model are in good agreement with the observed ones, while the daily stream flows simulated by TOPMODEL greatly overestimates or underestimates some peak flows both for calibration period and validation period. Further more, the new model resulted in a Nash and Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient value of 0.905 for validation period, which is significantly larger than TOPMODEL. The results demonstrate that the proposed integrated model based on ANN and TOPMODEL is promising in daily stream flow modeling.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 July 2010
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7749, 2010 International Conference on Display and Photonics, 77491I (21 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.869954
Show Author Affiliations
Jingwen Xu, Sichuan Agricultural Univ. (China)
Xingmei Xie, Sichuan Agricultural Univ. (China)
Junren Xian, Sichuan Agricultural Univ. (China)
Wanchang Zhang, Nanjing Univ. (China)
Lan Shen, Sichuan Agricultural Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7749:
2010 International Conference on Display and Photonics

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