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Proceedings Paper

A design of LED adaptive dimming lighting system based on incremental PID controller
Author(s): Xiangyan He; Zexin Xiao; Shaojia He
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Paper Abstract

As a new generation energy-saving lighting source, LED is applied widely in various technology and industry fields. The requirement of its adaptive lighting technology is more and more rigorous, especially in the automatic on-line detecting system. In this paper, a closed loop feedback LED adaptive dimming lighting system based on incremental PID controller is designed, which consists of MEGA16 chip as a Micro-controller Unit (MCU), the ambient light sensor BH1750 chip with Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C), and constant-current driving circuit. A given value of light intensity required for the on-line detecting environment need to be saved to the register of MCU. The optical intensity, detected by BH1750 chip in real time, is converted to digital signal by AD converter of the BH1750 chip, and then transmitted to MEGA16 chip through I2C serial bus. Since the variation law of light intensity in the on-line detecting environment is usually not easy to be established, incremental Proportional-Integral-Differential (PID) algorithm is applied in this system. Control variable obtained by the incremental PID determines duty cycle of Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM). Consequently, LED's forward current is adjusted by PWM, and the luminous intensity of the detection environment is stabilized by self-adaptation. The coefficients of incremental PID are obtained respectively after experiments. Compared with the traditional LED dimming system, it has advantages of anti-interference, simple construction, fast response, and high stability by the use of incremental PID algorithm and BH1750 chip with I2C serial bus. Therefore, it is suitable for the adaptive on-line detecting applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 November 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7852, LED and Display Technologies, 78520W (15 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.869677
Show Author Affiliations
Xiangyan He, Guilin Univ. of Electronic Technology (China)
Zexin Xiao, Guilin Univ. of Electronic Technology (China)
Shaojia He, Guilin Univ. of Electronic Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7852:
LED and Display Technologies
Gang Yu; Yanbing Hou, Editor(s)

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