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Proceedings Paper

Application of research for metal primary mirror of large-aperture infrared solar telescope
Author(s): Xiaohui Meng; Haiying Zhang; Xinnan Li
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Paper Abstract

Metal is an early telescope mirror material, it was later replaced by glass which has lower thermal expansion coefficient. However, for observing the sun, these glass materials in the primary mirror are affected by the sun's intense radiation, its temperature rises rapidly, but which conducts heat slowly. The temperature difference between mirror and ambient air is so large that causing the air turbulence which has affected the observation precision. While the metal material has better thermal conductivity characteristics, it can greatly improve the problems caused by air turbulence. This paper analyzes the characteristics of the various mirror materials, and then makes a rust-proof aluminum alloy 5A05 as the mirror substrate material. For the major deficiencies of the soft aluminum surface which is not suitable for polishing, this paper presents a method of electroless nickel plating to improve its surface properties. After the mirror go through a thermal shock, the upper and lower levels of metal CTE don't match with each other, which leads to mirror deformation and warping. The bimetallic effect has been illustrated by the theory of beam element and give a result of elementary approximated. The analysis shows that the displacement deformation of the upper and lower layers of metal which is caused by thermal shock is smaller when the CTE is closer. In the experiments, a spherical aluminum mirrors with the substrate of 5A05 aluminum alloy, diameter of 110mm, the radius of curvature of 258.672mm is manufactured in classical technique. And it ultimately achieves optical mirror-polished precision. Besides, the long-term thermal stability experimental study of the aluminum mirrors proved that Al-infrared solar telescope primary mirror meets the needs of the long-term observation during use.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 October 2010
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 7654, 5th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Large Mirrors and Telescopes, 76540M (13 October 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.866635
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaohui Meng, Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (China)
Graduate Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Haiying Zhang, Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (China)
Xinnan Li, Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7654:
5th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Large Mirrors and Telescopes
Wenhan Jiang; Myung K. Cho; Fan Wu, Editor(s)

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