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Proceedings Paper

3D video coding: an overview of present and upcoming standards
Author(s): Philipp Merkle; Karsten Müller; Thomas Wiegand
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Paper Abstract

An overview of existing and upcoming 3D video coding standards is given. Various different 3D video formats are available, each with individual pros and cons. The 3D video formats can be separated into two classes: video-only formats (such as stereo and multiview video) and depth-enhanced formats (such as video plus depth and multiview video plus depth). Since all these formats exist of at least two video sequences and possibly additional depth data, efficient compression is essential for the success of 3D video applications and technologies. For the video-only formats the H.264 family of coding standards already provides efficient and widely established compression algorithms: H.264/AVC simulcast, H.264/AVC stereo SEI message, and H.264/MVC. For the depth-enhanced formats standardized coding algorithms are currently being developed. New and specially adapted coding approaches are necessary, as the depth or disparity information included in these formats has significantly different characteristics than video and is not displayed directly, but used for rendering. Motivated by evolving market needs, MPEG has started an activity to develop a generic 3D video standard within the 3DVC ad-hoc group. Key features of the standard are efficient and flexible compression of depth-enhanced 3D video representations and decoupling of content creation and display requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 July 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7744, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2010, 77440D (14 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.863106
Show Author Affiliations
Philipp Merkle, Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (Germany)
Karsten Müller, Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (Germany)
Thomas Wiegand, Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik Heinrich-Hertz-Institut (Germany)
Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7744:
Visual Communications and Image Processing 2010
Pascal Frossard; Houqiang Li; Feng Wu; Bernd Girod; Shipeng Li; Guo Wei, Editor(s)

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