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Proceedings Paper

Effects of dispersion solvent on the formation of silicon nanoparticles synthesized via microemulsion route
Author(s): W. L. Liong; S. Sreekantan; S. D. Hutagalung
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Paper Abstract

Silicon nanoparticles are synthesized by microemulsion route. Silicon tetrachloride (SiCl4) is used as a silicon source. Meanwhile, hydrazine (N2H5OH), sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) are used as reduction agent, stabilizer, and capping agent, respectively. In this study, the effects of different solvents (methanol, 1-butanol, 2-propanol, ethanol, acetone, and toluene) on the dispersion and the stabilization of silicon nanoparticles are studied intensively. The results in this study show that ethanol solvent has given smaller particle size, better size distribution, stable suspension and well dispersion of silicon nanoparticles. The diameter of synthesized silicon nanoparticles is in the range of 30-100 nm. Moreover, the absorption edge of silicon nanoparticles in ethanol is observed at a shorter wavelength compared to the others solvent.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 May 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7743, Southeast Asian International Advances in Micro/Nanotechnology, 774306 (19 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.862594
Show Author Affiliations
W. L. Liong, Univ. Sains Malaysia (Malaysia)
S. Sreekantan, Univ. Sains Malaysia (Malaysia)
S. D. Hutagalung, Univ. Sains Malaysia (Malaysia)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7743:
Southeast Asian International Advances in Micro/Nanotechnology
Waleed S. Mohammed; Te-Yuan Chung, Editor(s)

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