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Proceedings Paper

Integrated ray tracing simulation of annual variation of spectral bio-signatures from cloud free 3D optical Earth model
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Paper Abstract

Understanding the Earth spectral bio-signatures provides an important reference datum for accurate de-convolution of collapsed spectral signals from potential earth-like planets of other star systems. This study presents a new ray tracing computation method including an improved 3D optical earth model constructed with the coastal line and vegetation distribution data from the Global Ecological Zone (GEZ) map. Using non-Lambertian bidirectional scattering distribution function (BSDF) models, the input earth surface model is characterized with three different scattering properties and their annual variations depending on monthly changes in vegetation distribution, sea ice coverage and illumination angle. The input atmosphere model consists of one layer with Rayleigh scattering model from the sea level to 100 km in altitude and its radiative transfer characteristics is computed for four seasons using the SMART codes. The ocean scattering model is a combination of sun-glint scattering and Lambertian scattering models. The land surface scattering is defined with the semi empirical parametric kernel method used for MODIS and POLDER missions. These three component models were integrated into the final Earth model that was then incorporated into the in-house built integrated ray tracing (IRT) model capable of computing both spectral imaging and radiative transfer performance of a hypothetical space instrument as it observes the Earth from its designated orbit. The IRT model simulation inputs include variation in earth orientation, illuminated phases, and seasonal sea ice and vegetation distribution. The trial simulation runs result in the annual variations in phase dependent disk averaged spectra (DAS) and its associated bio-signatures such as NDVI. The full computational details are presented together with the resulting annual variation in DAS and its associated bio-signatures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 2010
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7819, Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII, 78190E (7 September 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.860706
Show Author Affiliations
Dongok Ryu, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Sug-Whan Kim, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Dae Wook Kim, College of Optical Sciences, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Jae-Min Lee, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Hanshin Lee, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Won Hyun Park, College of Optical Sciences, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Sehyun Seong, Yonsei Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Sun-Jeong Ham, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7819:
Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology XIII
Richard B. Hoover; Gilbert V. Levin; Alexei Yu. Rozanov; Paul C. W. Davies, Editor(s)

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