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Proceedings Paper

Plasmo-photonic nanowire arrays for large-area surface-enhanced Raman scattering sensors
Author(s): Joshua D. Caldwell; Orest J. Glembocki; Ronald W. Rendell; Sharka M. Prokes; James P. Long; Francisco J. Bezares
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Paper Abstract

Despite surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) being first observed in the late 1970s, efforts to provide reproducible SERS-based chemical sensors have been hindered by the inability to make large-area devices with a uniform SERS response. Furthermore, variations in the observed spectra occur due to the variable interactions and orientations of the analyte with the textured SERS surfaces. Here we report on periodic arrays of Ag- and Au-coated vertical silicon nanopillars fabricated by e-beam lithography and reactive ion etching for use as SERS sensor templates that provide both large and uniform enhancement factors (up to 1×108) over the structure surface area. We discuss the impact of the overall geometry of the structures, by varying both the diameter and the edge-to-edge spacing in an effort to optimize the SERS response for a given excitation laser wavelength. Calculations of the electromagnetic field distributions within such structures were also performed and support the behavior observed experimentally.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7757, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties VIII, 775723 (10 September 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.860504
Show Author Affiliations
Joshua D. Caldwell, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Orest J. Glembocki, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Ronald W. Rendell, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Sharka M. Prokes, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
James P. Long, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Francisco J. Bezares, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7757:
Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties VIII
Mark I. Stockman, Editor(s)

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