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Proceedings Paper

Silvaco ATLAS model of ESA's Gaia satellite e2v CCD91-72 pixels
Author(s): George Seabroke; Andrew Holland; David Burt; Mark Robbins
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Paper Abstract

The Gaia satellite is a high-precision astrometry, photometry and spectroscopic ESA cornerstone mission, currently scheduled for launch in 2012. Its primary science drivers are the composition, formation and evolution of the Galaxy. Gaia will achieve its unprecedented accuracy requirements with detailed calibration and correction for CCD radiation damage and CCD geometric distortion. In this paper, the third of the series, we present our 3D Silvaco ATLAS model of the Gaia e2v CCD91-72 pixel. We publish e2v's design model predictions for the capacities of one of Gaia's pixel features, the supplementary buried channel (SBC), for the first time. Kohley et al. (2009) measured the SBC capacities of a Gaia CCD to be an order of magnitude smaller than e2v's design. We have found the SBC doping widths that yield these measured SBC capacities. The widths are systematically 2 μm offset to the nominal widths. These offsets appear to be uncalibrated systematic offsets in e2v photolithography, which could either be due to systematic stitch alignment offsets or lateral ABD shield doping diffusion. The range of SBC capacities were used to derive the worst-case random stitch error between two pixel features within a stitch block to be ±0.25 μm, which cannot explain the systematic offsets. It is beyond the scope of our pixel model to provide the manufacturing reason for the range of SBC capacities, so it does not allow us to predict how representative the tested CCD is. This open question has implications for Gaia's radiation damage and geometric calibration models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 July 2010
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 7742, High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV, 774214 (23 July 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.856958
Show Author Affiliations
George Seabroke, The Open Univ. (United Kingdom)
Mullard Space Science Lab., Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Andrew Holland, The Open Univ. (United Kingdom)
David Burt, e2v technologies plc (United Kingdom)
Mark Robbins, e2v technologies plc (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7742:
High Energy, Optical, and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy IV
Andrew D. Holland; David A. Dorn, Editor(s)

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