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Proceedings Paper

Amplification of femtosecond pulses in large mode area Bragg fibers
Author(s): Dmitry A. Gaponov; Sébastien Février; Philippe Roy; Marc Hanna; Dimitris N. Papadopoulos; Frédéric Druon; Louis Daniault; Patrick Georges; Mikhail E. Likhachev; Mikhail Y. Salganskii; Mikhail V. Yashkov
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Paper Abstract

The increase of the output power in fiber lasers and amplifiers is directly related to the scaling of the core diameter. State of the art high power laser and amplifier setups are based on large mode area (LMA) photonic crystal fibers (PCF) exhibiting core diameters ranging from 40 μm up to 100 μm1 (rod-type PCF). For instance, a two-stage femtosecond chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system based on 80 μm core diameter rod-type PCF was demonstrated generating 270 fs 100 μJ pulses2. Although highly suited to reach very large mode areas, this fiber design suffers some drawbacks such as high bend sensitivity (for core diameter equal to or larger than 40 μm3) and practical handling (cleaving, splicing, etc.) due to presence of air holes. As an alternative we have recently proposed all-solid photonic bandgap (PBG) Bragg fiber (BF) design4. Due to their waveguiding mechanism completely different from total internal reflection this type of fiber offers a very flexible geometry for designing waveguide structures with demanding properties (singlemodedness in large core configuration5, chromatic dispersion6, polarization maintaining7, low bend sensitivity8). During the last few years our interest was mainly focused on the realization of an active BF and scaling up the core diameter. We showed that, in principle, core diameters in excess of 50 μm can be reached9. As an example, an Yb-doped LMA BF with 20 μm core diameter was realized and single transverse mode operation in continuous wave (cw)9 and mode-locking10 oscillation regimes was demonstrated. Moreover, operation of two dimensional all-solid PBG fibers in laser and amplifier regimes was recently demonstrated11-13. In this paper we report on the first demonstration of amplification of femtosecond pulses in LMA PBG BF. A single transverse mode was obtained and the BF allowed for generating 5 μJ 260 fs pulses in a system with a moderate stretching of 150 ps.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 May 2010
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7714, Photonic Crystal Fibers IV, 771405 (14 May 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.854581
Show Author Affiliations
Dmitry A. Gaponov, XLIM, CNRS and Univ. de Limoges (France)
Sébastien Février, XLIM, CNRS and Univ. de Limoges (France)
Philippe Roy, XLIM, CNRS and Univ. de Limoges (France)
Marc Hanna, Lab. Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
Dimitris N. Papadopoulos, Lab. Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
Frédéric Druon, Lab. Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
Louis Daniault, Lab. Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
Patrick Georges, Lab. Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud (France)
Mikhail E. Likhachev, Fiber Optics Research Ctr. (Russian Federation)
Mikhail Y. Salganskii, Institute of Chemistry of High Purity Substances (Russian Federation)
Mikhail V. Yashkov, Institute of Chemistry of High Purity Substances (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7714:
Photonic Crystal Fibers IV
Kyriacos Kalli; Waclaw Urbanczyk, Editor(s)

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