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Proceedings Paper

Improving situation awareness using a hub architecture for friendly force tracking
Author(s): Anssi P. Karkkainen
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Paper Abstract

Situation Awareness (SA) is the perception of environmental elements within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their future status. In a military environment the most critical elements to be tracked are followed elements are either friendly or hostile forces. Poor knowledge of locations of friendly forces easily leads into the situation in which the troops could be under firing by own troops or in which decisions in a command and control system are based on incorrect tracking. Thus the Friendly Force Tracking (FFT) is a vital part of building situation awareness. FFT is basically quite simple in theory; collected tracks are shared through the networks to all troops. In real world, the situation is not so clear. Poor communication capabilities, lack of continuous connectivity n and large number of user on different level provide high requirements for FFT systems. In this paper a simple architecture for Friendly Force Tracking is presented. The architecture is based on NFFI (NATO Friendly Force Information) hubs which have two key features; an ability to forward tracking information and an ability to convert information into the desired format. The hub based approach provides a lightweight and scalable solution, which is able to use several types of communication media (GSM, tactical radios, TETRA etc.). The system is also simple to configure and maintain. One main benefit of the proposed architecture is that it is independent on a message format. It communicates using NFFI messages, but national formats are also allowed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7709, Cyber Security, Situation Management, and Impact Assessment II; and Visual Analytics for Homeland Defense and Security II, 770905 (28 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.852627
Show Author Affiliations
Anssi P. Karkkainen, Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7709:
Cyber Security, Situation Management, and Impact Assessment II; and Visual Analytics for Homeland Defense and Security II
William J. Tolone; John F. Buford; William Ribarsky; Gabriel Jakobson; John Erickson, Editor(s)

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