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Proceedings Paper

Cross-layer protocol design for QoS optimization in real-time wireless sensor networks
Author(s): William S. Hortos
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Paper Abstract

The metrics of quality of service (QoS) for each sensor type in a wireless sensor network can be associated with metrics for multimedia that describe the quality of fused information, e.g., throughput, delay, jitter, packet error rate, information correlation, etc. These QoS metrics are typically set at the highest, or application, layer of the protocol stack to ensure that performance requirements for each type of sensor data are satisfied. Application-layer metrics, in turn, depend on the support of the lower protocol layers: session, transport, network, data link (MAC), and physical. The dependencies of the QoS metrics on the performance of the higher layers of the Open System Interconnection (OSI) reference model of the WSN protocol, together with that of the lower three layers, are the basis for a comprehensive approach to QoS optimization for multiple sensor types in a general WSN model. The cross-layer design accounts for the distributed power consumption along energy-constrained routes and their constituent nodes. Following the author's previous work, the cross-layer interactions in the WSN protocol are represented by a set of concatenated protocol parameters and enabling resource levels. The "best" cross-layer designs to achieve optimal QoS are established by applying the general theory of martingale representations to the parameterized multivariate point processes (MVPPs) for discrete random events occurring in the WSN. Adaptive control of network behavior through the cross-layer design is realized through the parametric factorization of the stochastic conditional rates of the MVPPs. The cross-layer protocol parameters for optimal QoS are determined in terms of solutions to stochastic dynamic programming conditions derived from models of transient flows for heterogeneous sensor data and aggregate information over a finite time horizon. Markov state processes, embedded within the complex combinatorial history of WSN events, are more computationally tractable and lead to simplifications for any simulated or analytical performance evaluations of the cross-layer designs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 April 2010
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 7706, Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing V, 770602 (28 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.851850
Show Author Affiliations
William S. Hortos, Associates in Communications Engineering Research and Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7706:
Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing V
Sohail A. Dianat; Michael D. Zoltowski, Editor(s)

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