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Proceedings Paper

Calibration in a potential water jet of a five-hole pressure probe with embedded sensors for unsteady flow measurement
Author(s): P. Duquesne; C. Deschênes; M. Iliescu; G. D. Ciocan
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Paper Abstract

Investigations of the flow behavior are currently carried out experimentally on models of hydraulic turbines. Quantities such as unsteady velocity can be acquired using PIV or LDV techniques, static wall pressure using steady or unsteady pressure transducers and wall shear stress using hot-film anemometry. More rarely acquired however, the unsteady total pressure at different locations in the flowstream would give more information on the flow dynamics and would be a key component for setting boundary conditions for CFD simulations. Following the example of classical Pitot tubes, which can only give averaged pressure values though, we have developed a five-hole pressure probe with embedded sensors that can measure unsteady values of total pressure, local flow velocity and direction. The probe head is designed to have a minimum impact on the flowstream, and the miniature sensors are placed in a cross configuration compared to the probe's support axis. This paper focuses on the utilization of normalized calibration coefficients and their use for unsteady values, and on the justification for using our cross sensor repartition. The calibration setup is presented briefly, including a water potential jet that requires the calculation of specific calibration coefficients. Different phenomena were observed during experimentation. Their impact on the accuracy of the probe is analyzed. The probe's operation range for this particular calibration setup is discussed. Finally, we focus on the influence of the sensors repartition on the tridimensional shape of the calibration coefficients, and we provide a way to calculate the first approximate solution for the reverse calculus while the sensors are not aligned with the probe's arm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 April 2010
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7522, Fourth International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, 752217 (14 April 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.851735
Show Author Affiliations
P. Duquesne, Univ. Laval (Canada)
C. Deschênes, Univ. Laval (Canada)
M. Iliescu, Univ. Laval (Canada)
G. D. Ciocan, Univ. Laval (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7522:
Fourth International Conference on Experimental Mechanics
Chenggen Quan; Kemao Qian; Anand Krishna Asundi; Fook Siong Chau, Editor(s)

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